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Causes Obesity Essay

Cause Of Obesity

Today two-thirds of adults and nearly one-third of children struggle with overweight and obesity. Obesity is not just an appearance concern; it is the excessive body fat that can increase the risk other diseases and health problems. Whether someone is obese or not depends on their Body Mass Index (BMI); 25 to 29.9 is overweight, 30+ is obese, and 40+ is extremely obese. There is no single cause of all overweight and obesity. There is no single approach that can help prevent or treat overweight and obesity. However, over the years, people have gathered more information about this disease and come up with multiple reason why people are obese. The number one cause of obesity is the fact that people are not eating a healthy diet and not exercising enough. It is easy to go out and grab some fast food with our busy schedule. A healthy diet is not just about having more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, it’s also about maintaining a balanced diet, moderation, and portion control. By consuming more fatty and sugary foods but more burning them off, creates a buildup of fats in the body. Hence, this leads to overweight, high BMI, and also obesity.

The environment that we live in and the culture we practice also play a role in obesity. Large portions of food are energy that is consumed into the body; however, not enough energy is burned out. When everyone around us is eating the same portion, the same unhealthy food, and doing similar activities, it is hard to just listen to your body and think how much it really needs. This leads to overeating, inactive lifestyle, and also mindless eating. When parents are obese, the children are more likely to be obese in the future. This is because children adopt their parents’ behavior. A child is more likely to have symptoms of obesity if his parents are overweight, eating high calories food, unhealthy diet, and inactive.

Obesity may not seem like a crucial disease like cancer, but it is as deadly as any diseases out there. Obesity can increase a person’s risk of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, diabetes, breathing problems, and even cancer. It important to take note of the causes of obesity and recognize them so that being obese will not be the next common disease. Having a healthy diet, going outdoors and staying active, changing the portion size and mindless eating habits, and starting a new healthy lifestyle can not only prevent you from being obese but also reduce your risk to other sickness and disease as well as creating a healthier body for a better life.

An individual’s weight is determined by the balance of calorie intake as well as the amount of physical activities in which he/ she participates. If a balance is maintained between these two, then an individual can maintain appropriate body weight. On the other hand if the amount of food consumed is more than the number of calories burnt, then the extra energy is stored in the body in the form of fat and as a result an individual gains weight. The mechanism of losing weight is simply the opposite of this. Below are the common causes and effects of obesity.

Causes of Obesity

  1. Genetics

If one or both the parents suffer from obesity, then there are increased chances that the children will also become obese. Inheritance of obesity is the reason why some new born babies are also born with obesity. Genetics plays major role in regulating fat regulation in the body. A hormone called Leptin is present in the placenta as well as fat cells in the body. Hence, it can promote obesity to some extent.

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  1. Overeating

Especially if the diet is rich in fats, then overeating is also a very common cause of obesity. Foods high in sugar/ fat as well as fried and fast food can also promote the deposition of fat in the body, ultimately leading to obesity. The frequency of eating also decides the amount of weight gained by an individual.

 

  1. Slow metabolism & inactivity

The more the muscles in the body, the faster the metabolism rate is. This is the reason why women have comparatively slower metabolism than men. People who lead an inactive lifestyle with minimal physical activities also tend to gain weight and become obese.

Effects of Obesity

Obesity has numerous negative effects on the body:

  1. Diabetes

Overweight individuals tend to suffer from diabetes. Usually obese people acquire Type 2 Diabetes as they reach adulthood. But this problem has now become common in children as well. Being obese interrupts the functioning of the insulin hormone in the body. This hormone is responsible for regulating blood sugar in the body.

 

  1. High blood pressure

Obesity puts extra pressure on the heart in order to draw enough oxygen for the tissues and cells in the body. As a result, the blood pressure increases and hence the individual suffers from high blood pressure. In an effort to supply enough oxygen to all tissues and organs in the body, heart makes blood to flow through additional blood vessels and hence is a big threat to the patient’s life.

 

  1. Joint problem

Osteoarthritis is also a common problem faced by obese people. Because of the stress on the legs and hip due to being overweight, an individual can suffer from joint pain.

 

  1. Heart disease

Hardening of the arteries, also known as Atherosclerosis, is common in people suffering from obesity. This is because of the deposition of fat along the walls of arteries and blood vessels.

Not only this, insomnia is also very common in obese people. Leading a healthy lifestyle is the only way of preventing as well as getting rid of obesity.

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