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Bleeding On The Sidewalk Essay Outline

Presentation on theme: "‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’ by Evan Hunter"— Presentation transcript:

1 ‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’ by Evan Hunter
Essay planning‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’by Evan Hunter

2 Choosing an essay question
Score out / put a cross beside any that are not suitable.Tick / circle any that are.Decide which question best fits the text and your quotations.

3 Essay questionsPROSEIf it says ‘or’, pick ONE1. Choose a novel or short story in which you feel sympathy or admiration or pity for the main character.Explain how the writer achieves the effect and discuss how it contributes to your appreciation of the text as a whole.2. Choose a novel which is set during a period of social or political change.Discuss how important the writer’s evocation of the period is to your appreciation of the text as a whole.

4 Quote:Quote:Topic 1:Topic 2:Essay question:Text:Topic 3:Topic 4:Quote:Quote:

5 Quote:Quote:Topic 1:Topic 2:Essay question: Choose a short story in which you feel sympathy for the main character.Text: ‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’Topic 3:Topic 4:Quote:Quote:

6 Text: ‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’
Quote:Quote:Topic 1:Andy has been stabbedTopic 2:Nobody helps himEssay question: Choose a short story in which you feel sympathy for the main character.Text: ‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’Topic 3:He does not have a futureTopic 4:He want to be remembered as AndyQuote:Quote:

7 Text: ‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’
Quote: “The knife entered just below his rib cage and had been drawn across his body violently, tearing a wide gap in his flesh.”Quote: “I don't know. I don't know. I don't want to get mixed up in this. He's a Royal.”Topic 1:Andy has been stabbedTopic 2:Nobody helps himEssay question: Choose a short story in which you feel sympathy for the main character.Text: ‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’Topic 3:The weather is against himTopic 4:He does not have a futureQuote: “He lay on the sidewalk with the March rain drilling his jacket and drilling his body”Quote: “Someday he would marry Laura. Someday he would marry her, and they would have a lot of kids, and then they would get out of the neighbourhood.”

8 Quote:Quote:Topic 1:Topic 2:Essay question: Choose a short story in which you feel admiration for the main character.Text: ‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’Topic 3:Topic 4:Quote:Quote:

9 ? Quote 1: Quote 2: Quote 1: Quote 2: Topic 1: Event 1 – Start
Event 2 - An event from near the start/middleEssay question:Text: ‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’?Topic 3:Event 3 - An event from the middle/nr the endTopic 4:Event 4 - The endQuote 1:Quote 2:Quote 1:Quote 2:

10 Key incidentsStart– Andy has just been stabbed by a member of a rival gang at the start of the storyDrunk doesn’t help Andy– the drunk man thinks Andy is drunk and doesn’t call the copsCouple don’t help Andy – are too scared to help Andy / remind him of LauraTakes off jacket– Andy realises he was stabbed just because he was wearing the jacket and struggles to take it offDies– Andy dies and Laura finds himEnd – the policeman records his death as a gang incident

11 Key terms Character – Setting – Plot – Theme – Conflict – Symbol –
Key incident –Climax –

12 Can you identify the techniques?
RepetitionWord choice“He lay on the sidewalk with the March rain drilling his jacket and drilling his body”SymbolismMetaphor

13 Word choice – March is the start of Spring
Word choice – March is the start of Spring. The associations of this are of lambs and plants being born/growing. This contrasts with Andy dying too young.Word choice – this is an American word for ‘pavement’. This reminds us that the setting is America. We also know it takes place in March.Repetition – the word ‘drilling’ is repeated, emphasising the force of the rain.“He lay on the sidewalk with the March rain drilling his jacket and drilling his body”Symbolism – the jacket represents the gang he is a member of. At this point he still wearing it but, later, he takes it off as he wants to be a remembered as a person, not just a gang member.Metaphor – the rain is being compared to a drill. Just as a drill easily cuts holes in wood, so too it feels like the rain in making holes in Andy’s flesh. This is violent image that suggests the rain is so hard it is hurting Andy.

14 ‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’
Writing a critical essay

15 Essay taskChoose a novel or short story in which you feel sympathy or admiration or pity for the main character.Explain how the writer achieves the effect and discuss how it contributes to your appreciation of the text as a whole.

16 Essay taskChoose a novel or short story in which you feel sympathy or admiration or pity for the main character.Explain how the writer achieves the effect and discuss how it contributes to your appreciation of the text as a whole.

17

18 Structure123

19 IntroductionMain bodyConclusion

20 Let’s start by looking at the main body.
We’ll come back to the introduction later.

21 Main body

22 Structure your essays like this:
IntroductionMAIN BODYParagraph 1 - Topic 1Paragraph 2 – Topic 2Paragraph 3 – Topic 3Paragraph 4 – Topic 4Conclusion

23 Structure your essays like this:
IntroductionMAIN BODYParagraph 1 - Event 1Paragraph 2 – Event 2Paragraph 3 – Event 3Paragraph 4 – Event 4Conclusion

24 Writing a paragraph

25 Paragraphs should always follow this formula:
EAR

26 R = response / link back to essay question
P = pointE = evidenceA = analyseR = response / link back to essay question

27 Point =PEARTopic sentence+Introduce quotation

28 Topic sentence This is the sentence that starts every new paragraph.
In it you summarise what the paragraph is going to be about.It should have two pieces of information:What the task isWhat the topic of that paragraph is

29 Topic sentencesT +

30 Topic sentence Topic = The weather is against Andy
Task = Choose a short story in which you feel sympathy for the main character.“One way...”“One event that…”

31 T + TOne way in which sympathy for the character of Andy is created is when the author suggests the weather is hurting Andy.TopicTask

32 Introduce the quote“He lay on the sidewalk with the March rain drilling his jacket and drilling his body”Location in the story?What character(s) are involved?What has just happened at this point?

33 Quote

34 Introduce the quoteNear the start of the story imagery is used to describe the unpleasant weather:“He lay on the sidewalk with the March rain drilling his jacket and drilling his body”

35 Point – should look like this:
P (TS) One way in which sympathy for the character of Andy is created is when the author suggests the weather is hurting Andy. (IQ) Near the start of the story imagery is used to describe the unpleasant weather:A colon is used toIntroduce the quotation.

36 Evidence

37 Evidence = This is the quotation you are going to use.
PEARThis is the quotation you are going to use.Leave a line before and after the quotation and remember to use quotations marks.

38 One way in which sympathy for the character of Andy is created is when the author suggests the weather is hurting Andy. Near the start of the story imagery is used to describe the unpleasant weather:“He lay on the sidewalk with the March rain drilling his jacket and drilling his body”(Start your analysis here.)

39 Analysis This is where you look at the quotation more closely.
Analyse - to examinein detail in order todiscover meaning,essential features, etc.

40 Analysis = Analysis Evaluation mention any techniques
PEARAnalysismention any techniquesEvaluationexplain why they are effective

41 Analysis + evaluationThe word ‘drilling’ is repeated which emphasises how strong the rain was. This is also a metaphor as the rain is being compared to a drill. Just as a drill easily cuts holes in wood, so too it feels like the rain is, effortlessly, making holes in Andy’s flesh. This is a violent image that suggests the rain is so hard it is hurting Andy. In addition, the word ‘March’ is word choice. The connotations of this word are of the start of spring and baby animals being born. This contrasts with what is happening in the story and highlights the fact that Andy is dying too young.

42 Response = Your evaluation will lead you back to the essay question
Clearly explain how the quotation you have analysed relates to the essay questionRelate this to the short story’s theme(s)If you haven’t already, address the second part of the questionExplain how the writer achieves the effect and discuss how it contributes to your appreciation of the text as a whole.

43 ResponseThrough his effective use of techniques, Hunter uses the weather to create sympathy for Andy. Not only is he in a large amount of pain because of the stabbing, but the rain is adding to his misery. This contributes to my appreciation of the text as a whole because, if the author did not create sympathy for Andy, then we would not care about his death. It is important that the reader cares about Andy so we can understand the story’s theme, that gang violence is futile.

44 Put it all together and it looks like this:

45 One way in which sympathy for the character of Andy is created is when the author suggests the weather is hurting Andy. Near the start of the story imagery is used to describe the unpleasant weather:“He lay on the sidewalk with the March rain drilling his jacket and drilling his body”The word ‘drilling’ is repeated which emphasises how strong the rain was. This is also a metaphor as the rain is being compared to a drill. Just as a drill easily cuts holes in wood, so too it feels like the rain is making holes in Andy’s flesh. This is a violent image that suggests the rain is so hard it is hurting Andy. In addition, the word ‘March’ is word choice. The connotations of this word are of the start of spring and baby animals being born. This contrasts with what is happening in the story and highlights the fact that Andy is dying too young. Through her effective use of techniques, Duffy creates a vivid and disturbing picture of the concentration camps – from the vast numbers of dead bodies that lie in piles, without an attempt at treating them with dignity, to the mindless cruelty of the Nazi soldiers. It is these techniques that skilfully drive home the poem’s themes and make this a poem that sets out to do more than just entertain. Duffy urges us to remember horrifying events of the past and, more importantly, to learn from these mistakes.PEAR

46 One way in which sympathy for the character of Andy is created is when the author suggests the weather is hurting Andy. Near the start of the story imagery is used to describe the unpleasant weather:“He lay on the sidewalk with the March rain drilling his jacket and drilling his body”The word ‘drilling’ is repeated which emphasises how strong the rain was. This is also a metaphor as the rain is being compared to a drill. Just as a drill easily cuts holes in wood, so too it feels like the rain is making holes in Andy’s flesh. This is a violent image that suggests the rain is so hard it is hurting Andy. In addition, the word ‘March’ is word choice. The connotations of this word are of the start of spring and baby animals being born. This contrasts with what is happening in the story and highlights the fact that Andy is dying too young. Through her effective use of techniques, Duffy creates a vivid and disturbing picture of the concentration camps – from the vast numbers of dead bodies that lie in piles, without an attempt at treating them with dignity, to the mindless cruelty of the Nazi soldiers. It is these techniques that skilfully drive home the poem’s themes and make this a poem that sets out to do more than just entertain. Duffy urges us to remember horrifying events of the past and, more importantly, to learn from these mistakes.

47 Introduction

48 Introduction The introduction should not be too long.
It should focus on the task right from the start.

49 Identify the text and author
Use words from the essay task to explain what the essay will be about.

50 Use this formula to help you:

51 TATS T – title A - author T – task (this is in the essay question)
S – summary (a short summary of the plot)

52 Complete the list below for your essay:
T (title)A (author)T (task)Essay title = Choose a short story in which you feel sympathy for the main character.

53 Change the task into a statement which includes the author’s name and the title.
Write a short summary of what happens in the short story.

54 ExerciseLook at the examples of introductions and highlight the following things (if they are there):T – titleA - authorT – task (this is in the essay question)S – summary (a short summary of the plot)

55 On the Sidewalk Bleeding is a really boring story about a boy called Andy who stabs a drunk man. The short story was written by Evan Hunter and not much really happens in it apart from Andy kicks the bucket and his girlfriend starts bawling greeting. Then it ends. TATS? Strengths? Weaknesses?

56 ‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’ is a poem which takes place in a part of New York where rival gangs are at war. Sympathy is created for the main character, Andy. In many ways. In this essay I will discuss how the author creates sympathy. And look at the techniques. He uses. TATS? Strengths? Weaknesses?

57 ‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’ by Evan Hunter is a short story in which you feel sympathy for the main character. The main character is Andy and he is stabbed in an alley at the start of the story because he is in gang. Different characters enter the alley but nobody helps him. With the last of his strength he takes off his jacket as it is a symbol of the gang he joined. At the end, his girlfriend finds him and a cop records his death. TATS? Strengths? Weaknesses?

58 Your turn Remember to include: T = ‘On the Sidewalk Bleeding’
A = Evan HunterT = Choose a short story in which you feel sympathy for the main character.S = Short plot summary

59 Peer assess introductions
Swap and peer assess the introductions you have written.Copy this table and tick the boxes if you can identify them in the introduction.Write a comment underneath which says:One thing they did wellOne thing they should work on to improve next timeT - titleA - authorT - taskS - summary

60 Conclusion

61

Street Victim finds no helper

In the short story “On the Sidewalk Bleeding” by Evan Hunter the author tells us about the problems with the different groups of mainly young people organized in gangs in the USA. The main thing is that there is not only a conflict between the gangs but another conflict between the gangs and the people who are not in such gangs.
The 16-year-old boy Andy is lying in the street on the sidewalk after he was ambushed. He belongs to a gang called The Royals and knows that he was attacked by the rival gang named The Guardians. While lying there he begins to think about his situation and the story shows that he is in trouble with himself.
At the beginning he does not realize that he is going to die because he seems to be often involved in such street rumbles and therefore thinks it is just a little injury, although, of course, he is hoping for someone to find and help him.

There are three types of people who find him, but only one of them realizes that Andy needs help. The first one is a drunken man who does not realize that Andy is injured badly. He thinks Andy is drunk, too, and so he leaves him lying there. The third person is an old woman who cannot hear very well and does not notice Andy at all. She is looking for something in the garbage cans and so it can be assumed that she is poor, may be even homeless. She leaves without seeing Andy lying there. These persons stand for the group of people who need help like Andy. They cannot help Andy because they are needy themselves.
But the second person who comes along the road is a boy with his girlfriend. The author even mentions their names. So the young couple is not anonymous like the first and the third person. Freddie – the boy – finds Andy and also sees that he is injured, that he needs help. But his girlfriend Angela is afraid because they notice Andy’s jacket with the name of his gang on it. So the couple knows that he belongs to that gang. They decide not to help him. The young couple is most important for Andy’s development. As he sees the couple he thinks of his own girlfriend Laura and then – when he sees them kissing – he wonders if he would ever be able to kiss Laura again. That is when he realizes that he is going to die. And it is also the couple´s fear which shows him that there is not only his gang and another gang, but people who are generally afraid of gangs. They do not want to be involved in their violence. And so he wonders about his own role in the gang and in society. He thinks that he is just an anonymous member of any gang and that he wants to be appreciated as an individual. In the end Andy takes off his jacket with the name on it because he does not want to remain an unknown member. He wants to be Andy and he wants the other people to know that. Getting out of his jacket seems to be like the liberation from the gang. His girlfriend Laura finds him dead and fetches a policeman but as he sees the jacket with the title The Royals on it the boy seems just one more victim of gang warfare for which he has no sympathy. (C.H., 11c, March 2009)

 

The pride of a Royal turns into remorse

The text “On the Sidewalk Bleeding” by Evan Hunter is about a 16-year-old boy called Andy who is a member of the “Royals” and is stabbed by a “Guardian”. Injured, he is lying on the sidewalk and waiting for someone passing to help him. But on this rainy day not many people are passing him. He is very unlucky because nobody wants to help him or does not want to get mixed up in the conflict between the “Royals” and the “Guardians”. The help of his girlfriend Laura comes too late. He is already dead when she arrives.

The whole story is written in the 3rd person, but even if a narrator always is more distant to the events than the person speaking himself in the 1st person, he makes the reader feel sorry for Andy as he feels directly involved and partly personifies with Andy.

Evan Hunter mentions directly at the beginning that Andy is going to die. Therefore the reader knows more than Andy does because he thinks he “can’t be dying, not from a street rumble, not from just getting cut.” But his thoughts are changing through the whole story. First he just thinks about his future together with Laura because he does not realise that he could die if nobody is helping him. After the first pedestrian – a drunken person who does not notice Andy’s injury – Andy thinks more and more about Laura, because he knows that Laura, of course, would help him immediately. While a couple who could have helped him, comes along he is jealous because he sees them kissing and therefore he “suddenly hungered for Laura’s mouth.” The word “Love”, said by the couple, causes Andy’s drastic change in thoughts. He suddenly thinks that he is going to die but still in combination with thinking about Laura.

The couple does not help him because they “don’t want to get mixed up in this”. Andy’s reaction to this is clear: He cannot understand why they are afraid. He himself was not afraid of the Guardians and “never turkeyed out of a rumble with the Guardians.”

After the frightened couple Andy begins to think about his life, what he has done and what he could do in the future if he was not dying. His conclusion is that he has not “lived yet.”

This makes the reader very sad even if he knows right from the beginning that this would happen. But the way Andy’s emotional thoughts are presented is very decisive for the reader´s sympathy. They are very emotional.

Andy begins to think about his life just because he is dying. That emphasises that he does not want to die. He was so full of pride when he became a “Royal” but he knows that this is the reason why he is dying now. Not he himself as Andy is dying. No, anyone of the “Royals” is dying. It is just the fact that each gang wants to wipe out the other one. But they not necessarily know who they are stabbing. It is amazing how people can just kill. How can there be so much hate?

This makes Andy sad because he will not see Laura again. It is just the jacket he wore lettered with “Royal”. In the end he sincerely wants to get rid of this jacket. He knows that this is the purpose for everything which has happened: First of all that he was stabbed at all. And secondly that the couple did not want to help him. Finally it is clear for him that “the jacket was a stupid meaningless thing that was robbing him of his life.”

Evan Hunter combines stories of possible helpers with all the different thoughts of Andy in the whole story. Therefore the reader can detect the change in Andy and feels that he would have to help Andy if he could because nobody else wants to do it.

I think that Evan Hunter wants to express that you have to think about your life while you are living because when you are nearly dead it is too late. You should always be aware of the things you are doing. Another thing he wants to convey is that everybody is just thinking about himself. People do not want to help others if they might be in danger then. I think people should try to live more with each other and not alongside each other. Then Andy would not have had to die as young as he was. (F.S., 11c, March 2009)

 

A Royal is stabbed and dies being Andy

In the story a 16-year-old boy named Andy is lying on the sidewalk bleeding. He got stabbed, probably by some member of another gang than the one Andy is in (‘THE ROYALS’), and is now injured really badly. Every now and then people are walking down the alley. There is a drunken man who is the first one to notice Andy at all. But Andy can neither move nor speak; therefore he is not able to accept the man’s offer to call the police for help. So the drunkard just walks off, leaving Andy behind in the cold and rain, almost dying. Then a couple, Freddie and his girlfriend Angela, appears. Unsure what to do, Freddie decides to check whether Andy’s all right. As he sees the emblem “THE ROYALS” on the jacket though, he turns away from him and tells Angela to leave, although she is hesitating.
While Andy is getting more and more desperate, an old woman suddenly approaches. But she is deaf and does not pay attention to anyone else than herself, so she cannot hear the noise Andy is making to draw her attention. She passes by without even noticing him.
Realizing he is about to die, Andy succeeds in getting his jacket off, because he does not want to belong to THE ROYALS anymore. A little later Laura, Andy’s girlfriend, finds him dead on the sidewalk. Shocked she fetches a policeman who insists on calling Andy a ‘Royal’, whereas Laura wants to speak well of him by calling him a normal boy named Andy.

All over the text there are passages where you can see into Andy’s mind and share his thoughts. At the beginning he does not really think the fight was a bad thing to happen, because he is proud to be a member of the gang ‘The Royals’. He is optimistic, as he believes someone will come and help him. At this point of the story, he does not notice yet that he is actually dying.
Quite often he thinks of his girlfriend Laura and wants her to be at his side. Towards the end this wish increases more and more, when he realizes that his life will soon come to an end.
His efforts to make the people who are walking down the alley hear or see him get more determined as well. The desperation is nearly overwhelming him. He thinks about his time as a Royal and the persistent fight between Royals and Guardians. This is when he understands that being a member of either gang is not as good as he always thought. That is why his last thing he is determined to do is getting off his jacket. He does not want to be found as a Royal, he wants to die as Andy.

The main subject in this story is Andy’s conflict with himself. Thus the analysis of the whole story can be combined with the Andy’s thoughts and development.
At first he worries only about his injury and tries to find out how bad he is injured. At that point he is still proud to be a member of THE ROYALS. From his point of view, he has achieved a good reputation belonging to such a gang. He maybe does not want to be treated as a loser, so he thinks it is a good thing to be part of this group. It is also possible that he wants to be cool in front of his friends, especially in front of his girlfriend.
Many people walk past Andy, but none of them really helps him. Evan Hunter did this to increase the reader’s sympathy for the young, helpless and injured boy. Since he does not get any kind of help, he slowly realizes that he is about to die, and so he uses the time he has got left to reflect on his own life.  He does not want his life to end like this, for he is so young and has not lived yet.
His plan to marry his girlfriend Laura some day changes into the desperate wish to see and kiss her only one last time.
When the couple passes by and turns away from him after noticing the emblem on Andy’s jacket, he regrets being a member of THE ROYALS. He understands that there are far more important things in life than just being ‘cool’ and having a good reputation among his peers. He does not remember anymore why he has spent a lot of time with his gang instead of meeting Laura or doing something with his family. Andy can no longer bear to have anything to do with THE ROYALS, so he gets his jacket off. Now the era of his life which caused him a lot of pain is over. Unfortunately he cannot enjoy a new life without the gang, because he dies. But at least he passes away being Andy, and not being a Royal. (M.M., 11c, March 2009)

 

Hunter´s story: Gang solidarity vs. indivual identity

In the story “On the Sidewalk Bleeding”, written by Evan Hunter, a sixteen-year-old boy named Andy is lying injured on the sidewalk. He was stabbed by a member of a gang named “Guardians”, because Andy was wearing a jacket with the name of  another gang on it, named “The Royals”. Andy is bleeding and he cannot speak or cry out for help, so he is waiting for someone to find him.

First a man comes down the alley in which Andy is lying, but the man is drunk, so he does not realise that Andy is injured. The man does not help Andy and goes away.
Then a couple comes along the street, but at first they do not see the injured boy. When Andy makes some noise, the boy named Freddie approaches him and realises that Andy is hurt badly. But Freddie does not help him, because he has seen that Andy is a Royal and he does not want to get mixed up in this conflict. Freddie and his girlfriend Angela think about calling a cop, but in the end they do not help Andy.
Next an old lady walks into the alley and takes some things out of some garbage cans. She is homeless and needs help for herself. She neither sees nor hears Andy, because it is raining and she is a little deaf. So Andy does not get help from her either.
In the end Andy´s girlfriend Laura finds him and tries to help him, but he is already dead. Laura does everything to help her boyfriend, she is runs until she finds a policeman. The cop notices that Andy is dead, but he only sees that the dead boy is a “Royal” and is not interested that his name is Andy.

At the beginning of the short story Andy does not realise that he is dying. He feels proud of the rough rumble and only wonders if his girlfriend Laura already misses him. He thinks about Laura and about their common future. Maybe at that point he unconsciously realises that he is going to die. At least he feels that he needs help. Andy wants the drunken man to call a cop, but he does not get help. When he notices the couple he thinks about Laura. He wonders where she is and if he will ever kiss her again. For the first time he wonders if he is dying, but he cannot understand  that such a rumble, which happens every day, can end his life. Andy does not understand why the teenagers Freddie and Angela are afraid of the Guardians, because he himself is not scared of them. Andy remembers how happy he was when “The Royals” had accepted him. At that time “The Royals” were important to him and he felt some kind of pride. But now he realises that he is Andy, not a “Royal” anymore. He wonders whether there is anything good about a gang while he is dying. Now he feels no pride anymore, he only wants to be Andy and wonders if the Guardian stabbed Andy or the “Royal”.

Andy feels weak and alone. He thinks about his life and wonders what he has reached in his short life. He recognizes that other things are more important than “The Royals” and it makes him sad that his life is going to be over. He does not want to die because he has not lived yet.
“The Royals” and the jacket he is wearing have obtained another meaning to him now. He holds the jacket responsible for this rumble and for his death, because nobody has helped him. So it becomes very important to him to take off the jacket, to die without it, knowing that he is Andy.

The story has a drastic beginning. A boy is bleeding and it is raining. Evan Hunter mentions the name of the gang on the jacket, “The Royals”, before he mentions the name of the main character: Andy. To begin with the jacket and the gang are more important than Andy´s individual personality. Already at the beginning of the story the reader is told that the boy will die, although Andy himself does not know that. So the reader begins to feel sorry for Andy. The reader hopes that he will survive, so there is some kind of tension what will happen although in the end Andy will die.
There is a detailed description of Andy´s pain and wounds, so the reader sympathises with him even more. Altogether the author mentions many details, which are partly unimportant – like the colour of the sidewalk. But with such detailed information the reader can better imagine the situation.
Andy is lying on the street and reflects what happened to him. He thinks about his girlfriend Laura and their common future. He wants to move away once they are married, but moving away from this district into a better area means that he cannot a member of the gang any longer. Andy accepts a definite breach with the gang, because the relation to Laura seems more important for him. Again the reader feels sorry for Andy knowing that he would have some happy future, if he was not dying.

Some people are walking past Andy, but they do not really help him. The drunken man does not realise that Andy is hurt. He even forces some liquor on Andy, so the reader feels even more sorry for him. There is some kind of irony because at first the man wants to call a cop, so Andy would be helped, but in the end the drunken man changes his mind and says, “this time you lucky”, because he thinks that Andy is scared of the police.

The couple who could have helped Andy are afraid of getting into trouble themselves, so they do not help Andy either. Andy´s development depends on the behaviour of the other people, so the behaviour of the couple makes him think about his life. He thinks about Laura and he wonders whether he will see her again. And he thinks about the rumble and about “The Royals”. Andy does not understand why the couple is afraid, but now he wonders if he made a mistake by being a member of a gang. Here Andy´s development gets clear, because he wonders about the significance of the name on his jacket. He realises that the name loses its meaning when he is dying. So Andy tries to take off the jacket because he holds it responsible for his death. He does not want to die wearing this jacket and he does not want the person who finds him to say that he is a “Royal”.

When the old lady walks into the alley, the reader wonders why she is mentioned, because she does not even see Andy, so she cannot help him either. But it makes the reader sympathise more with Andy. The old lady is homeless and a little deaf, so she cannot help Andy because she needs some kind of help for herself. The rain prevents her from hearing the noises Andy makes – it is very tragic.

The appearance of these people makes the story more realistic than for example a appearance of a doctor. Because of the rain only some people are outside who are homeless or likewise, so they cannot really help Andy. Laura is the only person who really helps Andy, because she is attentive and realises that Andy is hurt. She loves him and has not got any prejudices because of his jacket, she only sees Andy, not the “Royal” in the boy. But when she finds him it is too late because he is already dead.

The policeman Laura has called has prejudices against “The Royals” and has not got any pity with Andy. So the story ends like it has begun: the jacket and “The Royals” are in the centre of the people´s minds, although Andy wanted to prevent this by taking off his jacket. Andy understood which mistakes he made and showed remorse. Apart from him, only Laura understands which things are really important and maybe the reader, too. (C.S., 11c, March 2009)

 

 

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